Due to the lack of pharmaceutical medicines or antiviral treatments, it is important for an infected patient to boost their immune system to help fight disease. Below are a select group of alternative treatments that may help some individuals. These treatments have not been FDA approved and are not endorsed by the Enterovirus Foundation. These are listed for information only.
The Enterovirus Foundation advises individuals to consult a physician before talking any medication, supplement or alternative treatment.
ProBoost - Thymic Protein A - This is a synthetic version of the protein made in the thymus that helps CD4 cells mature and differentiate. It was developed by Terry Beardsley, PhD, from Baylor College in Texas, and is sold as a nutraceutical. It has been tested in two small uncontrolled trials of chronic viral illness patients and AIDS patients, and was shown to increase CD4 count and normalize other immune markers such as elevated antiviral pathways. http://www.proboostmed.com/research.html
ImmunoPro - This product is reported to have antiviral properties in addition to immune modulating effects. It is a combination of denatured whey, lactoferrin, active peptides, transfer factors, and immunoglobulins, and is said to be a potent stimulant of glutathione. The product contains high levels of cysteine and other amino acids that are precursors to glutathione. The compound is also supposed to shift cytokines toward a th1 profile. http://www.allergyresearchgroup.com/proddesc/products/immunopro.htm
Imunovir - Immunomodulator. This is a prescription drug that is not approved in the US but is used extensively in Eastern Europe and Russia as an antiviral treatment. It is also used in the US with special permission, on a case-by-case basis, for SSPE (chronic measles encephalitis) because nothing else works for it. It can be legally imported to the US from pharmacies overseas with a prescription. http://www.rivexpharma.com/products_imunovir.html
Zadaxin - This is an immune stimulant made by SciCline Pharmaceuticals in California, and marketed in 30 countries. It is not yet approved in the US; however, it is in Phase III trials. Zadaxin is a synthetic version of thymosin alpha, a substance produced by the body's thymus to stimulate T cells and NK cells. It can be legally imported to the US from pharmacies overseas with a prescription. It involves injection with an insulin needle twice per week. http://www.scicloneinternational.com/zadaxin.shtml
Equilibrant is an all-natural dietary supplement that supports a healthy immune system. Its unique nutrient rich formula is composed of vitamins, selenium, and a proprietary blend of herbal extracts. Unlike other immune "stimulants" or "modulators", Equiliabrant works by balancing the immune response to the appropriate direction. Made in the United States under GMP standards. Coming soon. http://www.equilibranthealth.com.
D-ribose - D-Ribofuranose (D-ribose) is a five-carbon monosaccharide that is made in cells and stimulates the metabolic pathway used to make a class of compounds called purines and pyrimidines. These compounds are essential for the body's production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). It is reported to have direct antiviral effects. D-ribose is widely used to boost energy and treat heart disease. http://www.corvalen.com/Dietary_Supps.html
High dose EPA - Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is one of the active ingredients of omega-3 fish oil. An Israeli study of 20 patients with major depression found that EPA resulted in "highly significant benefits" compared to a placebo by week three. Virally ill patients may be benefit from this as well.
Vitamin D - Vitamin D produces a peptide that is important for cell mediated immunity and antiviral defenses. Patients with Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson Disease tend to have low Vitamin D levels, and viruses have long been suspected in both conditions. Depending on the condition, physicians may recommend 3000-5000 IUs daily.
Lysine - This is reported to be a natural antiviral, and is used widely for cold sores and ulcerations.
Quercetin - This is found to be the most active of the flavonoids in studies, and many medicinal plants owe much of their activity to their high quercetin content. Quercetin has demonstrated significant anti-inflammatory activity because of direct inhibition of several initial processes of inflammation. For example, it inhibits both the manufacture and release of histamine and other allergic/inflammatory mediators. It also exerts potent antioxidant activity and vitamin C-sparing action. Quercetin has been shown to be a good treatment option for interstitial cystitis.
Zinc, Selenium, Potassium, Glutamine, Calcium & Magnesium - These are important in fighting off viral infections.